Allergies are a reaction by your immune system to something that does not bother most other people. When a person is allergic to something, the immune system mistakenly believes that this substance is harming the body. Children get allergies from coming into contact with allergens. Allergens can be inhaled, eaten, or injected (from stings or medicine) or they can come into contact with the skin.

Substances that often cause reactions are

  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Mold spores
  • Pet dander
  • Food
  • Insect stings
  • Medicines


Allergies exist in many different forms. Here is a list of types of allergies:

  • Food allergy
  • Skin allergy
  • Dust allergy
  • Pet allergy
  • Eye allergy
  • Sinus infection
  • Drug allergy


A child who sneezes or coughs a lot, who frequently develops a rash or hives, or who gets a stomachache, cramps or nausea after eating certain foods may have allergies. Any child may develop allergies, but they are more common in children from families with a history of such reactions. Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and help you avoid having to use sick time or vacation days to care for your child. Here is a list of symptoms of allergy:

  • Runny nose
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Rashes
  • Vomitting
  • Headache
  • Stomach upset


There are various allergens that can cause problems for children they are inside of home and school for longer periods.

  • Dust
  • Fungi
  • Toys
  • Clothes
  • Certain foods


If your child has the symptoms of allergy as mentioned above, then you need to consult a doctor in order to take steps before the condition of your child gets worse. In order to diagnose allergy, you must refer to an allergist for allergy tests. Blood tests may be done instead for kids with skin conditions, those who are on certain medicines, or those who are very sensitive to a particular allergen. The most effective way to prevent allergic reactions is to avoid allergens. Once you know what allergens your child is allergic to, ask their doctor how they can avoid them.

In case reducing exposure to allergens is not possible, ensure you follow these treatment protocols:


  • Antihistamines
  • Nasal sprays
  • Remove rugs and carpets
  • Immunotherapy

If your child is also having any allergy, you can consult the most renowned Pediatrician in the city-Dr. Ravi Malik. He will help you with the best treatments for avoiding allergy.



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