WHAT IS ASTHMA?
Asthma in children is a chronic disease involving the airways in the lungs, therefore, these airways, or bronchial tubes, therefore, it allows air to come in and out of the lungs.
This inflammation makes the airways vulnerable to episodes of difficult breathing (asthma attacks). Therefore it determines whether a child has asthma can be difficult. Asthma in children.
Most importantly not all children have the same asthma symptoms, therefore these symptoms can vary from episode to episode in the same child.
Possible signs and symptoms of asthma in children include:
- Frequent coughing spells therefore which may occur during play, at night, or while laughing or crying
- A chronic cough (which may be the only symptom)
- Less energy during play
- Rapid breathing (intermittently)
- Complaint of chest tightness or chest “hurting”
- Whistling sound when breathing in or out — called wheezing.
- See-saw motions in the chest from laboured breathing. These motions are called retractions.
- Shortness of breath, loss of breath
- Tightened neck and chest muscles
- Feelings of weakness or tiredness
Your child’s doctor will evaluate the illness according to the signs or symptoms they have and diagnose them accordingly.
Causes of Asthma
Asthma is the leading cause of chronic disease in children because asthma can begin at any age (even in the very elderly), therefore most children have their first symptoms by age 5.
- Allergens – mould, pollen, animals
- Irritants – cigarette smoke, air pollution
- Weather – cold air, changes in weather
- Infections – flu, common cold
RELATED: Also know about allergies.
Risk factors of developing Asthma in childhood
There are many risk factors for developing childhood asthma. Therefore these include:
- Nasal allergies (hay fever) or eczema (allergic skin rash)
- A family history of asthma or allergies
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Low birth weight
- Exposure to tobacco smoke before or after birth
- Black or Puerto-Rican ethnicity
Asthma Management and Treatment
Preventing oneself from Asthma is the best strategy, therefore, asthma in children can often be diagnosed based on medical history, symptoms, and a physical exam.
Keep in mind that oftentimes when you take your infant or older child to the doctor with asthma symptoms, therefore the symptoms may be gone by the time the doctor evaluates the child.
There are various laboratory tests recommended by the doctor to diagnose asthma which are:
- Blood test
- Chest X-Ray
- Allergy test
Therefore the treatment will depend on the severity and frequency of the symptoms. To deal with childhood asthma, the doctor may prescribe two types of medicines:
- Long-term control
Avoiding triggers, using medications, and keeping an eye on daily asthma symptoms are the ways to control asthma in children of all ages.
Children with asthma should always be kept away from all sources of smoke. Therefore use proper medication for the basis of good asthma control.
Depending on your young child’s age, therefore you may use inhaled asthma drugs or liquid medications delivered with an asthma nebulizer.
Most importantly these breathing treatments usually take about 10-15 minutes, therefore, may be given up to four times a day.
The treatment goals for young children with asthma are to:
- Treat inflammation in the airways, usually with daily medication, to prevent asthma attacks
- Use short-acting drugs to treat asthma attacks
- Avoid or minimize the effect of asthma triggers
- Most importantly maintain normal activity levels
If left misdiagnosed, therefore asthma can be fatal, so it is necessary to consult the best doctors who can recommend you with right treatment, therefore, get an appointment with Dr Ravi Malik, a renowned Paediatrician at Radix Healthcare