CELIAC DISEASE IN CHILDREN

WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?

Celiac Disease is a genetic autoimmune disorder where the ingestion of gluten leads to the damage of small intestine. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye. It is the protein that makes dough elastic and gives bread its chewy texture. If a person with celiac disease eats something with gluten, their body can overreact to the protein and damage the villi, the small finger-like projections present in the small intestine. With the damage in villi, the small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from the food. Eventually, this leads to malnutrition as well as infertility, miss carriages, loss of bone density, etc.

Source : http://scarysymptoms.com/2012/03/is-celiac-disease-without-symptoms/

In children, celiac disease can lead to malnutrition which thereby can affect the growth and development of the child.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CELIAC DISEASE IN CHILDREN?

Symptoms of Celiac Disease vary from person to person. The signs and symptoms are different for children and the adults. Also, in children, they vary depending on the age. Identifying celiac disease in children can be difficult because irritability is one of the most common symptoms in kids.

INFANTS OR TODDLERS

Infants have the more obvious symptoms of Celiac Disease which can further lead to more problems in their body. The symptoms are :

Celiac Disease in infants can lead to malnutrition eventually leading to poor growth.

SCHOOL CHILDREN

Symptoms of Celiac Disease in school children also vary from that of infants. They include:

 

  • Stomach aches
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Trouble gaining weight or weight loss
  • Abdominal Distention

OLDER CHILDREN AND TEENS

Symptoms in teens that can convince you to go for a test for Celiac Disease include:

  • Stunted growth
  • Weight loss
  • Delayed Puberty
  • Recurrent Headaches or Migraines
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Itchy skin rash
  • Achy Pain
  • Anxiety or Depression
  • Pain attacks

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF CELIAC DISEASE WITH MILD SYMPTOMS?

There are two ways to know the reason behind a child having Celiac Disease. The first way is to find the associated conditions for which the test for the disease can be recommended. The other is the signs that are not typical reasons or signs of Celiac Disease.

Associated Conditions

Signs that are not the typical signs of Celiac Disease

  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • High levels of liver enzymes AST and ALT
  • Osteopenia (thin bones)
  • Dental enamel defects

WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH CELIAC DISEASE?

Untreated Celiac Disease can lead to many complications in children such as:

  • Delayed Puberty
  • Weight Loss
  • Malnutrition
  • Dental enamel defects
  • Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Eplipsey

HOW DO WE DIAGNOSE CELIAC DISEASE?

Diagnosis of the Celiac Disease depends on the causes and the symptoms of the disease. When the disease is suspected in the patient, the diagnosis is done in a two-way screening process:

  • Blood test for immunoglobulin A anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (IgA TTG). Testing for antiendomysial antibody may also be considered.
  • If the test turns out to be positive, then endoscopy and biopsy of the lining of the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) are recommended. And then the further diagnosis is done to examine it.

After the diagnosis is done, the doctor further prescribes you with diets in order to treat this disease.

HOW IS CELIAC DISEASE TREATED?

There are no drugs available for treating Celiac Disease. Doctors will only suggest you for a Gluten-free diet. In addition to staying away from bread, cake, and other baked goods, you also need to avoid beer, pasta, cereals, toothpaste and other foods that contain gluten. Your doctor may also prescribe you some gluten-free vitamins and mineral supplements.

WHAT IS THE DIET TO AVOID CELIAC DISEASE?

Food that is suitable to stay away from this disease includes meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, rice, and potatoes without additives or seasonings do not contain gluten and are part of a well-balanced diet. You also can eat potato, rice, soy, amaranth, buckwheat, or bean flour instead of wheat flour. Identify gluten-free food to avoid celiac disease.

Are you also worried about your child’s growth? This disease can be the reason for your child’s loss of growth and development. Consult the best Paediatrician in the city-Dr. Ravi Malik, Radix Healthcare.

 

 

 

 

4 Comments

    • Thank you! It really means a lot. You can also refer to our other articles as well.

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