We mark or celebrate World Pneumonia Day every year on 12 November. This day is an annual forum that brings together the world and demand action in the fight against Pneumonia. Hence, this day helps to highlight the seriousness of pneumonia. So this encourages more organisations to look at ways to fight the disease. This is a solvable disease in the world but still, it succeeds. Therefore, it is necessary to aware the people about treating and preventing Pneumonia.
So let us know what is Pneumonia and what are its symptoms, causes, treatments and preventions.
WHAT IS PNEUMONIA?
It is an inflammatory infection in the lungs that primarily affects the small air sacs of the lungs. The air sac gets filled with fluid or pus and makes us difficult to breathe.
It is classified according to the types of germ and the place where it is acquired.
First of all, let us classify this according to the organism that causes the infection as:
- Bacterial Pneumonia: The lungs’ air sacks become inflamed. These sacs may also fill with fluid, pus, and cellular debris.
- Viral Pneumonia: Respiratory viruses are primarily the cause of Viral Pneumonia. Such Pneumonia is not serious and lasts for a shorter period of time.
- Fungi Pneumonia: Fungi can also the cause of Pneumonia, for the ones who inhale large amounts of organisms. This type of Pneumonia can lead to a weak immune system.
Furthermore, we classify them according to the place where pneumonia was acquired:
- Hospital-acquired Pneumonia: This is acquired while a hospital stays and can be very serious, due to the more antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
- Community-acquired Pneumonia: This kind of Pneumonia can be acquired outside of a medical or institutional setting.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PNEUMONIA?
Symptoms may vary from being severe or mild. Signs and symptoms of Pneumonia may include :
- Severe fever
- Chest pain when you cough or breathe
- Nausea and vomiting
- Shortness of breath or fast heartbeat
- Shaking chills
- A cough with phlegm
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PNEUMONIA?
- Breathing infected particles in the lungs
- Viral Respiratory infection such as influenza
- A complication of diseases such as chickenpox
- Having a medical condition that affects your ability to swallow
Some other risk factors of Pneumonia are :
- Mental illness, Stroke
- Recent surgery or trauma
- Surgery to treat cancer of mouth, neck or throat
- Chronic lung disease
- Immune system problem
HOW CAN WE DIAGNOSE PNEUMONIA?
Depending on how severe or mild the Pneumonia is, the doctor will examine the condition of your lungs. The Diagnosis test recommended by the doctor may include:
- Chest X-Ray
- CT Scan
- Pulse Oximetry
- Blood Test
- Sputum Test
- Urine Test
HOW CAN WE TREAT PNEUMONIA?
Pneumonia can be treated depending upon the type of Pneumonia you are suffering from. Treatment for pneumonia involves curing the infection and preventing complications as these given points:
- We can take medications at home for the treatment of Community-acquired Pneumonia.
- Specific treatments may depend upon the severity of Pneumonia. This may include intake of various antibiotics, cough medicines or fever relievers.
- For therapies like respiratory therapy, intravenous antibiotics and oxygen therapy, you may be hospitalized.
HOW CAN WE PREVENT PNEUMONIA?
The preventive measures that possibly can be opted in order to reduce the risk or Pneumonia are:
- Proper sleep is key to a healthy life. Therefore, ensure enough sleep.
- Stay hydrated and drink plenty of fluids, especially water, to help loosen mucus in your lungs.
- Get vaccine and immunize with the vaccine to prevent flu, which can help you prevent Pneumonia.
- Quit Smoking
- Wash your hands regularly.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes, and dispose of used tissues promptly.
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Staying fit and healthy should be the real motive of your life. Ensuring yourself disease-free should be the primal task of your life.